The Negative Sense RNA Hantavirus – A Threat to the Modern World

  • Keshani Department of Microbiology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
  • S. S. Kanwar Department of Microbiology, Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India
Keywords: Hantavirus, Pathogen, Rodent

Abstract

Hantaviruses are rodent-borne zoonotic pathogenic viruses that produce two major clinical syndromes in humans: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). These are negative sense RNA viruses. Each hantavirus type has a single predominant natural reservoir and is transmitted through aerosolized rodent excreta or rodent bites. Case fatality rates for HFRS can reach up to 15% and for HPS can exceed 40%. Very recently, the occurrence of hantavirus has been seen in China in March, 2020. This review summarizes the current knowledge on virology, epidemiology, clinical manifestation, laboratory diagnostics, treatment, and prevention of hantaviruses and hantaviral infections.

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Published
2020-06-20
How to Cite
Keshani, & Kanwar, S. S. (2020). The Negative Sense RNA Hantavirus – A Threat to the Modern World. Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences, 7(2), 42-47. https://doi.org/10.21276/apjhs.2020.7.2.11