Implant Surface Microtopography – A Review

  • Sunny Sharma
  • Ginne Bharti MDS, Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Ramandeep Singh Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Bhojia Dental College, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Puneet Gupta MDS Orthodontics, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, India
  • Basu Dev Basnet Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Himachal Institute of Dental Sciences, Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Sonali Sharma Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Bhojia Dental College, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India
Keywords: Dental implants, Endosseous implants, Implant surface treatments, Microtopography, Surface coatings

Abstract

Osseointegration is the direct contact between the living bone and the implant surface without interposed soft tissue at the microscopic level and it is a critical process for implant stability and consequent short- and long-term clinical success. Surface conditions are particularly important as they play a major role in the osseointegration process. Several characteristics among implant surface, such as surface composition, physicochemical properties, surface wettability, and roughness influence the rate and quality of osseointegration. The goal of this review is to analyze the currently available methods for implant surface modification and also discuss the future trends in surface bioengineering and nanotechnology for improving the osseointegration and consequently their biological performance.

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Published
2020-06-20
How to Cite
Sharma, S., Bharti, G., Singh, R., Gupta, P., Basnet, B. D., & Sharma, S. (2020). Implant Surface Microtopography – A Review. Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences, 7(2), 48-53. https://doi.org/10.21276/apjhs.2020.7.2.12