Social and Health Impact of Flying Hymenoptera Stings: Experience in a Region of Central Hill Country of Sri Lanka
Objectives: Stinging by Asian giant honey bee and hornets is a common environmental hazard leading to many hospital admissions in Sri Lanka. This study aims to study the social and health impact of flying hymenoptera stings in a region of the central hill country of Sri Lanka. Methodology: The study was carried out at the two base Hospitals in Teldeniya and Rikillagaskada, Sri Lanka. All the patients presented to these hospitals following a wasp or big bee singing, during the period of 2011–2010 were included in the study. Results: There was a total of 80 patients in this study cohort, with 54 (32%) of them being victims of Horne stings and the rest being big bee stings (n = 26, 68%). The mean age of the total group was 45 years (SD = 16). Stings occurrence between 9.00 am and 3.00 pm was more frequent. The majority of the big bee stings (n = 26, 48%) had occurred while working in tea estates, whereas the hornet attacks were frequent around the dwellings (n = 12, 46%), head and neck (n = 72, 90%), upper limbs (n = 48, 60%), chest (n = 28, 35%), and back of the chest (n = 24, 30%) were the commonly involved body regions. Conclusions: Hymenoptera stings have a significant social and health impact in a region of the central hill country of Sri Lanka. Although pain and swelling were the most common adverse effect, life-threatening anaphylaxis was not reported in this study group. Even though electrocardiogram changes were more common among big bee groups, none of them were fatal.
Copyright (c) 2020 S. A. M. Kularatne, Udaya Ralapanawa, B. M. P. K. Dheemantha Basnayake, Kosala Weerakoon
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