The study of impact of consanguinity on frequency pattern of fertility and congenital malformation

  • Dr.Charulata V Pandit Bharatiya Vidyapith Medical college ,Sangli, Maharashtra,India
Keywords: Consanguinus, Nonconsanguinous, Congenital malformation

Abstract

Aim: To study the impact of consanguinity on frequency pattern of fertility and congenital malformation. Materials and Methods:. This area is field practice area of Hospital post partum programme of Indira Gandhi medical college. The locality is predominantly occupied by Muslims and a small representative part Ansarnagar having the population of about 5000 was surveyed.Results: The distribution of population and the couples according to exposure factor i.e. consanguinity.41% of the couples and 48.16% of population was from consanguinus or exposure group while 59%of couples or 51.84% of population was nonconsanguinous. Z=0.558 (p>0.05) which is not significant for pregnancies by current age of wives, for number of abortions by current age group, Z=2.41 (p<0.05) which is significant. Mean number of abortions in consanguineous group were 0.4 and 0.1 in nonconsanguinous group. The difference is statistically significant, Z = 2.41 (p< 0.05).Z = 6.51 P > 2.58 (P < 0.01) which is highly significant. The above table shows the distribution of mothers according to current age and pregnancies resulting in to stillbirths. It shows Z = 1.93 (P > 0.05) which is not significant.Z = 1.75 (p > 0.05) which is not significant for under five mortalities. It shows Z = 2.99 P < 0.01 which is highly significant for a number of congenital malformations per age at the time of delivery.The mean rate of malformations found to be 18.26/1000 in exposed group and 4.1/1000 live births in nonexposed group. Conclusion: The present study was undertaken in locality for studying the impact of consanguinity on fertility and child health.The distribution of population and the couples according to exposure factor i.e. consanguinity.41% of the couples and 48.16% of population was from consanguinus or exposure group while 59%of couples or 51.84% of population was nonconsanguinous.

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Author Biography

Dr.Charulata V Pandit, Bharatiya Vidyapith Medical college ,Sangli, Maharashtra,India

Assistant Professor, Department of Community
Medicne 

Published
2016-06-30
How to Cite
Dr.Charulata V Pandit. (2016). The study of impact of consanguinity on frequency pattern of fertility and congenital malformation. Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences, 3(2), 69-77. https://doi.org/10.21276/apjhs.2016.3.2.12