Cross sectional study of Casual Blood Glucose in apparently healthy people at tertiary care hospital
Background: Burden of type 2 diabetes is increasing day by day . It remains asymptomatic in most of the cases and patients. Most of the time in advanced disease it shows symptoms. Various studies have shown that early identification of diabetes and lowering of blood glucose delayed the onset and progression of diabetes complications. The present study was conducted with the objectives to screen healthy persons for diabetes, to assess the various risk factors for diabetes and to study perception of healthy individuals about diabetes. Methodology: It is a cross sectional observational study conducted at outpatient Department (OPD) of Government Medical College and Hospital, Akola. Healthy relatives of patients were screened. Patients’ relatives history, blood collection and Casual Blood glucose measurement was done. Results: Out of 266 participants, 25.9% (69) participants were having RBS above 140mg/dl and 13.2% (35) participants were having RBS level >200mg/dl. 31% (83) of participants gave history of DM in family. 12.8% (34) of have addiction of smoking, about 10.2% were addicted to alcohol. Only 43% participants were having some information about diabetes. 82% were aware about hereditary inheritance of DM, 45% about frequent urination, 75% study subjects were agreed on dietary modification needed. 51% participants were having perception that exercise is beneficial. Conclusion: Study reveals high proportions of diabetics in study populations (>30 years) and Perceptions about symptoms, risk factors, screening test, diagnosis and complications were poor among study population.
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