Phytochemical, Antioxidant, Proximate, and Selected Mineral Status of Egyptian Citrus paradisi Fruit obtained from Wamakko Local Government Area of Sokoto State, North-western Nigeria
The search for new antioxidant compounds and minerals to combat the nutritional needs of the populace of Nigeria is on the increase. This study investigates the phytochemical composition, antioxidant, proximate, and mineral status of Egyptian Citrus paradise: A popular citrus fruit consumed in Wamakko Local Government Area of Sokoto State using standard procedures. The result revealed that the presence of important phytoconstituents, namely, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, phenolics, cardiac glycosides, and reducing sugars with alkaloid was reported to be absent. The juice concentrates exhibit an appreciable but significantly lower (P < 0.05) 1, 1-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazylradical free screening activity compared to the reference antioxidant. The result of the vitamin, proximate, and mineral analysis confirms the concentrate to be a rich source of Vitamin C, minerals such as sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, as well as a moderately to poor source of carbohydrate, lipid, protein, fiber, and potassium. These findings will greatly help nutritionist in properly making nutrition recommendations to meet the nutritional priorities of the populace.
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