Anthropometric and Bone Health Status of Rural Adult Females at Border Belt of Indian Punjab
Keywords:Hyperuricemia, Hypocalcemia, Obesity, Rural adult females, Sociodemographic profile
A cross-sectional study was conducted (2018–2019) on randomly selected 70 rural adult females, visiting Community Health Centre, Harike Pattan, district Tarn Taran, Punjab, India. The respondents were interviewed for their sociodemographic profile such as age, education level, and socioeconomic status. Simultaneously, anthropometric parameters, namely, height and weight were recorded; body mass index (BMI) was calculated and obtained data were subjected to t-test and figures were expressed in terms of Mean ± SD. The respondents were categorized according to their BMI categories. Subsequently, blood samples of all the respondents were taken for biochemical parameters such as serum calcium, serum phosphorus, and serum uric acid by cresolphthalein complexone, ammonium molybdate, and enzymatic methods, respectively, to determine their bone health status. The prevalence of obesity, hypocalcemia, and hyperuricemia was presented in terms of percentage. On the basis of findings obtained on anthropometric parameters, obesity was prevalent among 10% of the respondents. For biochemical parameters, it was observed that hypocalcemia was prevalent among 70% of respondents. Further, serum uric acid of respondents ranged from 3.9 to 8.2 mg/dl and 58.6% of the total respondents had hyperuricemia. On the whole, above findings revealed poor anthropometric and bone health status of rural adult females at border belt of Indian Punjab.
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