Assessment of Pre-surgical Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Levels in Patients Undergoing Surgical Procedures in the General Surgery Department
Keywords:Anxiety, Psychological parameters, Stress, Surgery
Aim: The present study was undertaken to observe the pre-surgical depression, anxiety, and stress levels in patients undergoing surgical procedures in the general surgery department. Methods: Study design: This was a cross-sectional study. Setting: Tertiary care centers Study population: The study recruited 30 male and female patients who were undergoing surgeries in the general surgery department irrespective of the type of surgery they undergoing between November 2018 and December 2018. Assessment of depression, anxiety, and stress: The psychological parameter that is depression, anxiety, and stress was assessed using depression anxiety and stress scale-42 questionnaire. Results: There were significantly higher scores of depression, anxiety, and stress scores in both males and females. Depression scores were not significantly different among males and females. However, anxiety scores were significantly higher in females when compared with males. A similar observation was found in the case of stress scores as there is a significant increase in the stress scores in females when compared with males. Conclusion: The study confirms the reports of earlier studies that there will be higher levels of stress in pre-operative patients. The study also recommends further detailed studies in this area.
Dulega A, Ślusarsk B, Koziej D. The scope of diagnosis of the condition of patients with cardiovascular diseases for nursing care. Problems Nurs 2013;21:452-61.
Rymaszewska J, Kiejna A, Hadryś T. Depression and anxiety in coronary artery bypass grafting patients. Eur Psychiatry 2003;18:155-60.
Pawlak J, Dmitrzak-Węglarz M, Skibińska M, Szczepankiewicz A, Leszczyńska-Rodziewicz A, Rajewska-Rager A, et al. Suicide attempts and clinical risk factors in patients with bipolar and unipolar affective disorders. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2013;35(4):427-32.
Kołodziejska G, Gorzkowicz B. Estimate the prevalence of difficult situations in hospitalized patients. Problems Nurs 2012;20:164-70.
Zimbardo PG. Psychology and Life. Warsaw, Poland: PWN; 1999.
Balasubramaniyan N, Rayapati DK, Puttiah RH, Tavane P, Singh SE, Rangan V, et al. Evaluation of anxiety-induced cardiovascular response in known hypertensive patients undergoing exodontia-a prospective study. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10:ZC123-7.
Sigdel S. Perioperative anxiety: A short review. Glob Anaesth Perioper Med 2015;1:126.
Woldegerima YB, Fitwi GL, Yimer HT, Hailekiros AG. Prevalence and factors associated with preoperative anxiety among elective surgical patients at the university of Gondar hospital. Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017. A cross-sectional study. Int J Surg Open 2018;10:21-9.
Almalki MS, Ahmed O, Hakami O, Al-Amri AM. Assessment of preoperative anxiety among patients undergoing elective surgery. Egypt J Hosp Med 2017;69:2329-33.
Akinsulore A, Owojuyigbe AM, Faponle AF, Fatoye FO. Assessment of preoperative and postoperative anxiety among elective major surgery patients in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Middle East J Anesthesiol 2015;23:235-40.
Roy PP, Sailesh KS, Doshi MA. Depression, anxiety, and stress among first-year undergraduate medical students. Asian J Biomed Pharm Sci 2015;5:37-8.
Grieve RJ. Day surgery preoperative anxiety reduction and coping strategies. Br J Nurs 2002;11:670-8.
Spalding NJ. Reducing anxiety by pre-operative education: Make the future familiar. Occup Ther Int 2003;10:278-93.
Stirling L, Raab G, Alder EM, Robertson F. Randomized trial of essential oils to reduce perioperative patient anxiety: A feasibility study. J Adv Nurs 2007;60:494-501.
Starkweather AR, Witek-Janusek L, Nockels RP, Peterson J, Mathews HL. Immune function, pain, and psychological stress in patients undergoing spinal surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006;31:E641-7.
Muglali M, Komerik N. Factors related to patients’ anxiety before and after oral surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;66:870-7.
Morino M, Masaki C, Seo Y, Mukai C, Mukaibo T, Kondo Y, et al. Non-randomized controlled prospective study on perioperative levels of stress and dysautonomia during dental implant surgery. J Prosthodont Res 2014;58:177-83.
Corah NL. Development of a dental anxiety scale. J Dent Res 1969;48:596.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Talari Muralikrishna, P. R. Sivasankar, Ragala Narayana, Lanka Vimala Rachel
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license to published articles. Under this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but they allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article.