Knowledge of primigravida mothers on antenatal nutrition
Keywords:Antenatal period, fetus, primigravida mother, antenatal nutrition
Background: Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in fetal growth and development. Maternal nutrition refers to the nutritional
needs of women during the antenatal and postnatal period (i.e., when they are pregnant and breastfeeding) and also may refer to
the pre-conceptual period (i.e. adolescence). Objective: The objective was to assess the knowledge of primigravida mothers in
the age group of 18-30 years regarding antenatal nutrition. Materials and Methods: Non-experimental small-scale survey was
carried out among 50 primigravida mothers visiting selected hospitals, Haldwani block, Uttarakhand. Formal written permission
was obtained from the authority of the college and hospital; informed consent was obtained from mothers to conduct the study.
Demographic data of the subjects and data related to knowledge of mothers regarding nutrition were collected on areas of effects
on fetus and mother, and antenatal nutrition and nutritional sources were collected. Results: The results revealed that about
24 (48%) primigravida mothers had good knowledge and 26 (52%) had inadequate knowledge regarding nutrition during antenatal
period. Interpretation and Conclusion: Pregnancy is being most precious period in every woman’s life. It needs continuous care
for safe confinement, early detection of difficulties and prompt treatment in an appropriate period. Women in general and also
during pregnancy stage are vulnerable segment of the population. It was found that maximum 52% of the primigravida mothers
had inadequate knowledge regarding nutrition during antenatal period. Lack of awareness of health workers in community area
is also making the situation worse which directly affects health of mother and fetus.
Key words: , , ,
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