Papyrus to Pad: An Evolution of Menstrual Products


  • Lopamudra Ganguly Department of Geography, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
  • Lakshminarayan Satpati Department of Geography, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
  • Sreeparna Nath Department of Women’s Studies, Diamond Harbour Women’s University, Sarisha, West Bengal, India.



Bamboo fiber pads, Menstrual cups, Menstruation, Reusable cloth pads, Tampons


Personal care items for women that are used during menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other body functions involving the vulva and vagina are known as feminine hygiene products. There are several products for women during menstruation to keep them feeling comfortable and dry. Choice of products depends on the cost of the product, convenience of use, traditional beliefs, and availability. Menstrual hygiene products such as sanitary napkins or towels, tampons, panty-liners, menstrual cups, menstrual sponges, and period panties are some of the products that may be utilized. Because the vagina naturally flushes away bacteria, feminine hygiene products that are supposed to cleanse may cause allergic reactions and irritation. The review is based on secondary sources available in esteem journals and web pages. The evolution of menstrual products has been a long pathway. Nowadays, these products are more user-friendly, which increases women’s freedom and ability to work. However, it also carried specific health-related issues. Because menstruation has been a taboo subject from ancient past till today’s life, it is critical to begin talking about periods and the products used by women. Knowing more about the materials used products is a step toward achieving both menstrual hygiene’s, and it will also help avoid health-related issues and maintain environmental sustainability.


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How to Cite

Lopamudra Ganguly, Lakshminarayan Satpati, & Sreeparna Nath. (2022). Papyrus to Pad: An Evolution of Menstrual Products. Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences, 9(4), 72–76.