Study of Health Awareness Status among Diabetes Patients in Eastern India: A Relationship between Demographic and Socioeconomic Profiles along with Biochemical and Obesity Parameters
Keywords:Awareness of diabetes mellitus, Biochemical profiles, Demography and socio-economic features, Diabetes mellitus
Aim: The present study evaluates the health awareness status of diabetes mellitus (DM) between urban and rural patients of eastern India related to demographic and socioeconomic status, biochemical profiles, and obesity parameter. Materials and Methods: We have randomly selected the data of 50 patients, minimum of 25 years of age and maximum age of 78 years among females (29 nos.) and males (21 nos.), who visited the endocrinology outpatient department of the hospital in Kolkata from the urban and rural area. All the data have been collected from clinical records and questionnaire survey to know health awareness among DM. Results: The frequencies (%) of demographic and socioeconomic status in urban (58%) and rural (42%) population were indicated that the female population was higher of about 65.52% from the urban area while lower of about 34.48% from the rural area. The biochemical profiles, namely, fasting blood glucose, PPBG and glycated hemoglobin, and body mass index were obtained higher value in the urban compared to rural patients. Regarding awareness, the urban patients were found more aware than the rural subjects (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). Conclusion: The present study concludes that demographic and socioeconomic status may influence the prevalence of DM in urban subjects compared to a rural group. Interestingly, higher awareness was obtained in patients of urban area compared to the rural area. Moreover, this is a preliminary study, and the future study is suggested with more numbers of samples for the awareness and management practice of DM prevalence.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Sarbari Dasgupta, Sulagna Ray
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