Preferences and Perceptions about Malaria Prevention methods in Kimasala – Solwezi-A cross sectional Study
Keywords:Preferences, Perceptions, Malaria, mosquito nets, Indoor residual spraying, mosquito repellents andprophylactic medication
Malaria still contributes greatly to morbidity and mortality in Africa. Sub - Saharan Africa accounts for about 90% of all Malaria cases worldwide.In Zambia, Malaria contributes significantly to maternal deaths, maternal anaemia, premature delivery and low birth weight.The Government of the Republic of Zambia in conjunction with the National Malaria control centre has identified mass distribution of Insecticide treated mosquito nets (ITNs) along with improved coverage of Indoor residual spraying (IRS) as some of the key strategies to control Malaria . In order for Malaria prevention strategies to be successful, they must be acceptable to the community. A cross sectional study was carried out in Solwezi in Kimasala area of Zambia to determine the preferences and perceptions about mosquito nets, Indoor residual spraying, mosquito repellents and prophylactic medication. Knowledge about Malaria being preventable was high and mosquito nets were the most preferred method of Malaria prevention. Negative perceptions about Indoor residual spraying, mosquito repellents and prophylactic medication were generally low despite low awareness and ultilisation.
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