Association of Diabetes Mellitus and Thyroid Disorders: A Metabolic Prospective
Keywords:Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Euthyroidism, Subclinical Hypothyroidism, Type 1 DiabetesMellitus, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
The prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, mounting from 4.7% to 8.5% in overall adult population. Thyroid disorder is another common endocrine disorder with prevalence of hypothyroidism as much as 4.6% and hyperthyroidism as much as 1.3% in population according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. These two most common endocrinopathies often co-exist and mutually influence each other. They have complex links of abnormal biochemical pathways, unregulated genetic expression of many genes and hormonal malfunctions. Thyroid hormones affects the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism and pancreatic function, and on the other hand, diabetes affects thyroid function tests to variable extents. In this review article we emphasized the epidemiology of diabetes and thyroid disorders, classification of thyroidism, and finally the impact of thyroidism to the various aspects of glucose and lipid metabolism in diabetics.
How to Cite
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license to published articles. Under this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but they allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article.