Efficacy between “Spencer Technique” and “Muscle Energy Technique” in Treatment of “Adhesive Capsulitis”
Keywords:Adhesive capsulitis, Muscle energy technique, Range of motion, Shoulder pain disability index, Spencer technique
Background: Adhesive capsulitis is a painful and disabling condition of unknown etiology, in which the shoulder capsule, the connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint become inflamed and causes chronic pain with restriction. Although there are multiple ways to treat the disorder, there is a lack of evidence in indicating a specific technique to treat the disorder. In this study, we intend to check the efficacy of two different techniques in improving the range and function of the shoulder joint.
Methodology: Thirty subjects were randomly allocated to two different groups. One group was administered with muscle energy technique (MET) and the other with Spencer technique. The pain intensity and disability of shoulder joint is evaluated with shoulder pain disability index. For range of motion for shoulder flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, and external rotation, Goniometry was used as an outcome measure.
Results: The results are tabulated in terms of mean, standard deviation, variance, t-test, and P-value. Student t-test shows that there were statistically significant values for groups (P < 0.05). Variance test has been found to be significant at P < 0.05, Spencer technique is found to be more effective compare to MET.
Conclusion: When applied to the patients, both MET and Spencer technique are found to be effective, in comparison using t-test, it is concluded that Spencer technique is more effective than MET.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Bhargab Bhattacharya, Ujwal Bhattacharya, Chatrajit Das, Urvashi Bhattacharya
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