Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Local Population of Indore According to IDF Criteria
Keywords:Cardiovascular diseases; Lifestyle; Metabolic syndrome; NCD; Physical activity.
Abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, all being non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the major health issues of the modern world. Present day has led to these pathological conditions known as metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome(MeS) greatly increases in urban population. The syndrome includes cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and thyroid abnormalities. A cross-sectional survey was conducted for the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among 438 participants of Indore, Madhya Pradesh India. A pre-designed questionnaire was used to collect data, including demographic information; anthropometric and biochemical parameters from their medical reports. Using criteria of International Diabetes Federation (IDF), MetS was seen in 43.3% of subjects with a mean age of 50.53 yr consisting of 55% males and 45% females. The age-specific prevalence of MetS was observed more in the older group.Physical inactivity was found to be the major causative factor for this MetS. It can be improved by encouraging the patients to adopt a healthy lifestyle with the emphasis on regular physical activity and modifications of food habits.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Sadhna Sachdeva, Anand Kar, Kiran Billore
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