Study of early post-operative complications of major surgery in patients in tertiary care teaching hospital in Central India - A prospective observational study
Keywords:Elective surgery, emergency surgery, morbidity, mortality, post-operative complications, surgical complications
Background: Surgical complications can occur after any operation and will keep on occurring. Post-operative complication may be defined as any negative outcome as perceived by the surgeon or by the patient. It may occur intraoperatively, in the immediate post-operative period, or later on. Materials and Methods: Aprospective study of early post-operative complication in 100 patients, who underwent major surgery, was done in the department of surgery in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Indore. The present study was carried out prospectively with the following aims and objectives to study the incidence of early post-operative complications after major surgery and study the incidence of post-operative complications in relation to age, sex, and other factors which influence them. Results: Incidence of post-operative complications is much higher in females 50%, but the incidence of mortality is equal 10%. The incidence of early post-operative complications is higher in patients undergoing emergency surgery (60%) as compared to patient of elective surgery (31.42%). It was evident that mortality in emergency group is higher (23.33%) than patient of elective surgery (4.2%). Conclusion: Early post-operative complications after major surgery occurred in significant number and must be anticipated in time and proper measures instituted to control them. Incidence of early post-operative complications was significantly higher in emergency surgery than in elective surgery.
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