A study on the morphology and the morphometry of the human placenta and its clinical significance in rural population in Eastern India
Keywords:Feto-placental ratio, morphology, morphometry, outcome, placenta
Background: The placenta is a dynamic organ which is unique in its development and functions. It is the only organ in the body which is derived from two separate individuals, the mother and the fetus. The aim of the present study was to study the morphology, morphometry, and site of umbilical cord insertion in the placenta of women with normal, hypertensive, and diabetic pregnant women. Materials and Methods: A total number of 150 cases were included in this study. Results: In our study, we found that hypertensive placentae tend to be slightly smaller in size, weight, volume, area, thickness, diameter, circumference, and fetoplacental ratio than normal placentae, but the parameters were found to be significantly greater than that of normal placentae in case of diabetic placentae. Conclusion: An adequate knowledge of the morphometry of the placenta and its clinical relevance can prove to be valuable in the early assessment of the fetal well-being.
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