Common Sleep Disorders and Risk Factors in Hemodialysis Patients
Keywords:Hemodialysis, Sleep Disorder, Risk Factor, Prevalence, Patient
Although the function and physiology of sleep have not been fully elucidated, it is a universal need for life-forms such as human beings, and in the absence of sleep, severe physiological consequences emerge. Sleep can be defined as temporary, partial and periodic disappearance of the organism’s communication with the environment and it is reversible with various severity stimuli. Sleep disorders in hemodialysis patients are frequently seen with the contribution of various risk factors. Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder in hemodialysis patients and affects the sleep quality of patients negatively. Insomnia is a lack of adequate and restful sleep despite adequate reserved time to sleep and it refers to sleeplessness. Sleeplessness can be defined as difficulty in starting sleep, and it refers insufficiency in duration, integrity and quality of sleep despite there is adequate time and chance to sleep. Anemia, anxiety, depression and many factors cause sleep disorders in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this review is to give information about the prevalence of common sleep disorders in hemodialysis patients and the risk factors that contribute to the development of these disorders.
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