Current Indian scenario of pediatric and adolescent maxillofacial injuries
Keywords:Maxillofacial injuries, age, distribution
A retrospective review of maxillofacial trauma cases reported over a period of two years among urban Indian population with age <18 years was done . The following parameters were evaluated : mode of injury, age and sex distribution, pattern of injury (soft tissue or bony or both ), sites of injuries and treatment given. RTA was the major cause of trauma in patients of age group 7 – 18 years whereas in younger patients fall was the main cause. The incidence in male population was remarkably higher than females amongst all age groups. Soft tissue injuries only were seen in about 25% of all the cases whereas soft tissue as well as bony injuries was found in 75% of all the cases. Single and multiple fractures were almost equally distributed among the cases presenting with bony injuries. The incidence of multiple fractures was distinctly high amongst patients within age group of 13 – 18 years. Taking into account the number of sites of fractures it was found that mandible was most commonly fractured bone (69%). Midfacial fractures accounted for 31% of the total fractures.
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