Assessing the relationship between HIV infection and cervical cancer at Ndola Central Hospital from 2013 to 2014
Keywords:Infection, HIV, cancer
Background: Cervical cancer is the second highest cause of cancer related death worldwide, the highest in Africa and also the most frequent cancer in Zambian women. The incidence is high in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) patient as established by some sources. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the association of HIV infection and other risk factors to cervical cancer. Method: The study was a cross sectional retrospective study done at Ndola central hospital in Zambia. A sample size of 172 was made up of 86 confirmed cases of cervical cancer and 86 suspected cases of cervical cancer. The statistical tests used in the analysis of the data were the chi square and regression bivariate logistical model. The level of significance was 0.05.Results: No significant relation was observed between HIV status and cervical cancer (AOR=1.00; 95% CI [0.71, 1.42]). Compared with the individuals aged 45 years or older, those aged less than 35 years were 62% (AOR=0.38;95%CI(0.22,0.67)) less likely to have cervical cancer.Conclusion: There is no association between HIV infection and cervical cancer in the years 2013 and 2014. There was an association between age and cervical cancer. There was an association between being on HAART and cervical cancer hence we conclude that HAART.
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