The Relationship between Restless Legs Syndrom and Sleep Quality in the Third Trimester Pregnant Women
Keywords:Restless Legs Syndrome, Pregnancy, Sleep Quality, Midwives
Introduction: The aim of this study was investigate the relationship between sleep quality and Restless legs syndrome (RLS) inthird trimester pregnant women. Methods: There were 266 pregnant women enrolled in this observational longitudinal study. RLS was diagnosed clinically using the four essential criteria of the International RLS Study Group. The demographic features of participants were recorded, as well as RLS symptoms and sleep quality [assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Total PSQI scores ≥5(range 0–21) indicate poorer sleep quality, and total scores<5 indicate good sleep quality. Results: The incidence of RLS was found to be 31.6%. In addition, pregnant women who were with RLS symptoms (57.1%) had significantly poorer sleep quality than those without RLS symptoms (45.1%) and that poor sleep quality was collerated to increased prevelance of RLS in third trimester pregnant women (p = 0.044). Anegative correlation between RLS and sleep quality was found, at the level of 21%. Conclusion:Women who had poor sleep quality higher prevelance of with RLS in the third trimester. A negative correlation between RLS and sleep quality was found in this study.
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