Biochemical parameters-wise hypertension in an Indian community
Keywords:Hypertension, Cardiovascular disease, Scheduled Caste Community, Hyperglycemia, Dyslipidemia
Background: Now-a-days, hypertension is a most common cardiovascular disease and it accounts for large proportion of all cardiovascular deaths and disabilities worldwide. The main aim of this study is to show the prevalence and distribution of hypertension according to the various kinds of biochemical parameters within the studied people. Materials and methods: Here a community-based survey work has been conducted using pre-structured questionnaire for identifying the prevalence and distribution of hypertension in relation to various kinds of factors like sociodemographics, anthropometric and biochemical parameters of blood and urine samples within the Scheduled Caste Community of three selected villages (viz. Chowgachha, Bagula and Priyanagar) of the District Nadia, West Bengal, India. The members of households, who were between 20-70 years of age, were interviewed and examined to collect the data regarding hypertension. Blood and urine samples were also collected by a registered medical practitioner from willing participants for the biochemical study. Data were analyzed using Chisquare test at both 5% and 1% levels of significance. Results: The biochemical study of blood showed that there was a significant increase of blood pressure with increasing blood glucose, total-cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-C and Na+ level. Although the optimal level of HDL-C and K+ of blood showed the potency of blood pressure regulation. The people those who take additional dietary salt had the greater tendency of blood serum Na+ as well as blood pressure. Conclusion: The results of this study clearly indicate that there was a significant role of hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and high serum Na+ level in the development of hypertension.
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